Research Guides

Nursing & Health Studies

University of Miami School of Nursing & Health Studies
Clinical Care, Point of Care, & Background Informaton
Health Disparities & Minority Health
Health Disparities in the US  (U. of Michigan Guide) 
MedlinePlus - Health Disparities U.S. Department of Health - Office of Minority Health
Minority Health Specialized Info. Services |  US Dept. of Health & Human Services


Core Article Databases
Open Access (Non subscription databases)
  • BioMed Central- BMC is an independent open access publisher that provides 300 peer review journals about biology, medicine, simulation medicine, technology, genome science, and public health. 
  • EthicShare - is for scholars in the field of ethics. Features everything from scholarly articles to blogs.
  • MedlinePlus - produced by the National Library of Medicine for patients, providing reliable, up-to-date health information information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues in non-technical language. Freely available.
  • Nurses-Medscape - free from WebMD targeted at nurses. POC information for drugs, diseases, procedures. Medscape Mobile available for iPhone/Pad, BlackBerry, Android. See Medscape homepage for instructions
Contact Librarian

Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
PubMed Tutorials & Videos
Drug Information
Visual & Physical Exam Databases
WorldCat Search
Finding eBooks and Print Books

Searching via the Library catalog:

In addition to "Keyword" searching, click on the arrow (right of "Keyword" in box below) to find other choices from the drop down menu. For instance, select "Subject"to see all the nursing eBooks.

e-books at UM Libraries


Still can't find what you're looking for? Try WorldCat, a cooperative catalog of many US and international libraries. If we don't have it at UM, try requesting it through Interlibrary Loan.

Nursing Journals
eBook Collections for Nursing & Health Sciences
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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
What is Grey Literature?

Grey literature is information not commercially published.

"Grey literature stands for manifold document types produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats that are protected by intellectual property rights, of sufficient quality to be collected and preserved by library holdings or institutional repositories, but not controlled by commercial publishers i.e., where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body."  (2nd International Conference for Grey Literature, 2010)

General Government Information Sources
Types of Grey Literature
To studies the many areas in public health, it is imperative to investigate some of the following sources for timely and research driven information:
  • Reports from government agencies (e.g., WHO or UNAIDS), organizations, societies, etc.
  • Professional and Special Interest Groups
  • Health Institutes
  • Universities, Research Centers
  • Conference proceedings
  • Listservs, Blogs, Emails, Phone calls
  • Newsletters
  • Theses & Dissertations
  • Primary resources: Manuscripts, Notes, Letters, Diaries, other personal information
  • More Types of Grey Lit Documents - from Grey Lit International 2018  
Note: Before using any information sources, interogate them - based on 5 criteria.
Grey Literature Resources
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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040

Objectives: "Expand visibility of timely and relevant Federal HIV policies, programs, and resources to the American public; ... increase use of new media tools to reach communities most at risk; increase knowledge about HIV and access to [services for high risk people]".


"AIDSource offers access to HIV/AIDS-related resources ... developed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to ensure that those seeking information about HIV/AIDS have a source of quality reviewed current content [From both inside and outside the Federal Government]. In 2005, it was linked to AIDSinfo to make access easier for users of both sites".

HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Atlas (NCHHSTP) CDC
"A tool that gives you the power to analyze, map, and create tables using more than 10 years of data." For direct access, click on NCHHSTP Atlas.

Evidence Based Practice - What is it?

The evidence based process originated in the field of medicine where it is referred to as Evidence Based Medince (EBM). The process has migrated into other professions which refer to it as Evidence Based Practice. In Nursing it is sometimes called Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

Definition: Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is "the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research." Sackett, David L, et al. "Evidence Based Medicine: What It Is and What It Isn't." BMJ 1996; 312: 71-72.

4 components EBM (or EBP or EBN):

(1) clinical expertise and (2) patient preference which "may override the other components of the model for a given decision. "For example, clinical expertise must prevail if the nurse decides that the patient is too frail for a specific intervention that is otherwise âbestâ for his condition, and the patient's preference will dominate when he declines a treatment that [even though] (3) research evidence indicates the treatment is best for his condition. All of these factors, however, have to be considered in the light of the fact that (4) resources for health care are limited."
DiCenso A, Cullum N, Ciliska D. "Implementing evidence-based nursing: some misconceptions" [editorial]. Evidence-Based Nursing 1998 Apr;1:38-40.

How to do a Systematic Review and Other High Enders
Systematic Reviews and Other Expert Review  (Welch Medical Library | Johns Hopkins University)
This guide outlines the Systematic Review process starting with formulating a research question all the way along to reporting results. Simple to follow and relevant for other reviews, e.g., scoping reviews and intergrative reviews.
Evidence Based Practice Databases
Filtered Sources
Cochrane Library
Joanna Briggs  EBP
PubMed - filter for Systematic Reviews or RCT's by clicking on Clinical Queries (top right)
CINAHL - for EBM reviews, go to limit options; filter or add Sys. Rev., Meta Analysis, RCT, to  the search.
Embase - a biomedical and pharmacological database
Web of Science
since 1997 - easily find the highest-quality material available on the web - to help support evidence based practice.

Finding and using research evidence: Summary sheet  

Point of Care Tools
DynaMed & Up to Date Point of care tools offering best available evidence from systematic reviews, RCTs, and observational studies when appropriate for assessing the benefits and harms of treatments.

BMJ - offers critical reviews of  research studies
EBP (or EBM) Websites & PDFs
Clinical Questions ~ Study Design~ EBM Resource

Finding good resources involves not only selecting appropriate databases and websites, but also type of study design. Different study designs produce different levels of evidence are organzied hierarchically. See blue pyramid and note that study designs at the top, e.g., meta analysis, systematic review offer the highest level of evidence. 

Research Question and Corresponding Study Design
WA Health Libraries - Question Type and Corresponding Study Design
Duke University Library - Question Type and Corresponding Study Design * See pg. 2
Critically Examining the Literature - Appraising the Evidence
3 main criteria for appaisal - quality, validity, & sample size
Information Through Numbers


Do you need a refresher on how to present statistics? Visit lyndaCampus (access through Databases on the library homepage), create your free lynda account and learn how to use spreadsheet software.

Evidence Based Practice Resources for Public Health | University of Massachusetts Med. Sch.

Evidence Based Resources

Pre-Formulated and Filtered Searches of Published Studies

Healthy People 2020 Structured Evidence Queries (National Library of Medicine) â Provides specialized searches of the PubMed database to find research articles related to selected Healthy People 2020 objectives.

PubMed Health Services Research (HSR) Queries (National Library of Medicine) â Provides specialized PubMed searches on healthcare quality and costs. (Change filter to Cost)

Public Health Online Journals

Public Health Databases

Federal Health Statistics

Centers for Disease Control (CDC): Data & Statistics

National Institutes of Health NIH (from the Department of Health and Human Services)

National Institute of Mental Health NIMH

National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA (from National Institute of Health NIH)

HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Atlas (NCHHSTP) CDC
"A tool that gives you the power to analyze, map, and create tables using
more than 10 years of data." Click on NCHHSTP Atlas.

Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health

Kaiser Family Foundation
Select 'Topics' on the horizonal tabs bar to discover site offerings, which include information on policy, cost, health reform, Medicare and Medicaid, etc. Explore the 'Perspectives' tab for policy insights.

Public Health Partners
A collaboration of U.S. government agencies, public health organizations and health sciences libraries. Global, Federal, State and County

SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
An agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS)
Stated mission is to produce evidence to make health care safer, higher quality, more accessible, equitable, and affordable

From the Admin. of Aging (AoA) at the U.S. Dept.or HHS, this site offers statistical and program information for this growing demographic.


  •  Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality HHS
Population and General Statistics

United States Census Bureau

Statistics gathered from over 100 U.S. government agencies

(Federal) Statistical Abstract (2012)
Provides statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Sources from Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and other Federal agencies.

ICPSR (Inter-University Consortium for Political & Social Research)
Archive of digital social science data

Statistics from CIA World Factbook, OECD, WHO, World Bank, World Resources Institute, UNESCO and additional sources. Data presented graphically.

Though this is a partly a business site, it's not to be overlooked. It offers excellent quantitative data, statistics and demographics (US and International) and health information. On home page, click on United States (mid page - last tab) and also try Health & Pharmaceuticals in the search box.

Statistical Abstract of the United States 2012 (131 Edition)
Published from 1878 to 2012, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Discontinued

U.S. Data and Statistics
Long an organized list of sources for federal government data.


See Global Public Health Guide for more data resources.

Aim of organization is to share the best in development policy, practice and research. Content from over 7,500 development organisations - all available free to download.

Institute of Developmental Studies (IDS) | University of Sussex
Global institution producing various materials â journal articles, research and evidence reports, policy and rapid response briefings, and working papers.

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)

UNICEF Data - Child Statistics
Links to statistics globally and by country

World Bank
Links to data and research, countries, projects and more.

WHO: Data
Includes links to burden of disease statistics. Under the Data tab > Highlights > check out Data collection & analysis tools



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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
Statistics from Associations

American Heart Association

National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses (2008)
Survey of RNs reports personal, professional, employment characteristics of RNs living in the U.S. Conducted every 4 years.

Systematic vs Scoping Review
What is the difference between a Systematic Review and Scoping Review and which one should I do?

Systematic vs. Scoping vs. Integrative Review  Duquesne University

Munn Z, P., etal. (2018) Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. 19;18(1):143.    doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x. 

Typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies (Grant & Booth, 2009)
Formulating a Research Question
Building a good research question is at the heart of conducing a viable Systematic or Scoping Review. Best guidance on how to do this and what is required is at  University of Texas
Designing Search Strategies
CEE – Section 3.1 Scoping and Parts of 3.2 Developing & Testing the search strategy, e.g., parts of 3.2.1  

Part 2 Chapter 4 Searching for and selecting studies  Cochrane Handbook for SR’s of Interventions

Some things to keep in mind when formulating your search (Tufts Uni.):

 Does the database use a controlled vocabulary or just keywords? If so use both.

Make a list or table of terms to express your concepts and the synonyms for each.

Combining Concepts and Terms
- ‘AND’ different concepts
- ‘OR’ synonyms for a concept.

When using keywords think about using truncation (*); plurals; abbreviations; and alternate spellings 

Translating a Search into Multiple Health Science Databases (U of Dalh.)

Health Sciences Search Terms & Filters (U of AB)
Tracking Searches & Results
Overview of Primary Excel Workbook for SR
Saving Search Strategies and Results in Primary Excel Workbook for SR PIECES Workbook
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews 
Equator network – check out other tabs on this website, e.g. Toolkits > Selecting reporting guideline
- PRISMA Flow Diagram (Flow Diagram is 2nd part of the PRISMA statement
- Excel Search Results Chart  (Tufts University Sys. Review page - Downloads box)

Protocols & Has my review been done before?
Protocols and Registries
 Any researcher can register a protocol. If a publication or agency does not require one, submitting one is optional, but writing one as part of the process is fundamental. It helps plan and specify how you will navigate the systematic review process and stay on course.
Systematic Reviews Protocols and Protocol Registries – National Institutes of Health (NIH) 
To the left of the page are links to tips - Document Your Work and Literature Search: Databases & Gray Literature
Protocol Worksheet – University of Iowa Libraries (Registration not necessary)
PRISMA P (Protocol)
Has my review already been done?
 It's important to know this and to avoid duplication. In addition to checking protocol databases, search UM Libraries Databases Medline (in PubMed or OVID), CINAHL, PsycINFO, etc. – use limiters or filters to target only Systematic Reviews or by adding the term Systematic Review to your search. 
Prospero is an international protocol database for systematic reviews in a variety of disciplines with “health related outcomes”.  Through registration of review is helps avoid “duplication and enable comparison of reported review methods with what was planned in the protocol”.
Cochrane Library databases for high quality, independent evidence for healthcare decision-making.
Campbell Collaboration provides S.R.s in the social sciences.
DARE - from York University, UK| National Institute of Health Research (NHS)
Trip is a search engine lists publications of varying levels of evidence based research.
Reviews Methodologies
Systematic Reviews
 Systematic Reviews, Scoping Reviews, and other Knowledge Synthesis Guide & Processes (McGill University)
 Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer’s Manual
      U of Adelaide (Describes steps for SRs of qualitative, quantitative, economic, text and
       opinion based evidence.) Check the Appendices in each chapter for worksheets and guides.)
PRISMA Statement (Transparent Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) About page
PRISMA 2020 Checklist (The Checklist is 1 of 2 parts of “PRISMA Statement”. Click on the Checklist)

Cochrane Interactive Learning Modules UM Calder Library
Systematic Reviews: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) guidance for undertaking systematic reviews in health care  U of York, UK  (See Appendix 3: Documenting the search process)
Systematic Reviews: Skills to Develop Literature Searches, Manage Results and Evaluate Findings    U of Pittsburgh | Health Sc Library System
Systematic Reviews: SR Process U of Washington | Health Science Library
Systematic Review Guide U of Texas
Scoping Reviews
Scoping Reviews: what they are & how to them PDF
Scoping Reviews: what they are and how to do them  Cochrane Training Videos
Scoping Reviews: what they are and how to do them  Cochrane Training Slides
PRISMA-ScR – extension for Scoping Reviews Checklist
PRISMA for Scoping Reviews tip sheets and video
Joanna Briggs Institution Scoping Reviews  Chapter 11
Current Best Practices for the Conduct of Scoping Reviews U of Toronto (super simple)
Scoping Review Guide U of Texas Library
Appraisal Tools
Tools for appraising articles in any review
Appraisal & Analysis Duke University Medical Center Library
The Center for Evidence-Based Medicine
JBI Critical Appraisal Tools
Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine
UM subscribes to Covidence found in the UM Libraries homepage
Video to get you started with Covidence
Covidence Help Guide
Covidence You Tube Channel
Covidence Knowledge Base  FAQ articles and Covidence news & updates. 
Female Anopheles Mosquito


During blood meals taken from persons infected with malaria, mosquitoes pick up parasites and transfer them into another host, possibly a human. In 2008, malaria caused nearly one million deaths, mostly among African children (WHO). Content Providers(s): CDC/ James Gathany

Images: Selected Resources
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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
Guidelines in Databases
1) On top bar, click on Evidence Based Care Sheets and Quick Lessons (under More), then type in the topic, condition, procedure.
2) In Advanced Search, type the topic (such as a condition, symptom, or clinical procedure), then select Publication Type and select Practice Guidelines in the limiter section,

Clinical Key
Click on Guidelines menu in the top toolbar to search for guidelines. Search by  organization name, specialty, or topic.

Before or after running a search (1)  look  to the left and (2) under Type of Article, (3) click Customize and (4)  select Practice Guidelines (PG). PG will then show up in the listing above "Customize" - click on PG again.

DynaMed or UptoDate
Type in condition, procedure, etc., select one of the results. For additional information, look to the left under TOPIC OUTLINE.

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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
Nurse Caring for Infant


Nurse Caring for Infant, 1958. From University Archives, University of Miami Historical Photographs Collection.

Citation Management Systems (or Software)

UM Libraries offer subscriptions to Citation Managers with the exception of Zotero (free). To create an account in one and learn more about it, see options below. They can also be accessed through the Databases A-Z list on the UM Libraries home page.
     Always create accounts, using your Cane ID.
     The words "citations" and "references" are synonymous



Both web-hosted & desktop versions

Desktop download from UM InformationTechnology > Services & Products tab > Software 
TIPin the first screen of Download, copy Product Key (will need later in the process)


 Mendeley - both web-hosted and desktop. Also a PDF manager.


Zotero - both web-hosted and desktop. Can use any email address
APA Citation Style Guides

Citation Managers (to the left) create the citations in the style you select. However, they are not always accurate and you have to check and correct using the resources below. In this section you will find information for both the new APA and the experienced APA users.

APA Style 7th Ed. What’s New
APA Style 7th Edition: The Changes You Need To Know
APA 7th Edition (2020) | The 17 Most Notable Changes

OWL APA Guide Purdue University
APA Documentation Guide University of Wisconsin Madison Writing Center
APA 7th Edition Supplimental Resources - Guidance for writing & submitting a manual in APA style.  
APA Handouts and Guides
APA Sample Papers
APA Stylistics

APA Print Edition:
Current editions are held in our reference collection, call number: BF76.7 .P83 2010 . An additional copy is kept at the Information and Research Assistance Desk on the 1st floor of Richter Library
Use the links and videos on this page to learn what plagiarism is, and why your professors don't want you to do it.
Photos from the archive
Nursing Class Early Nursing Class, University of Miami. Photo from University of Miami Digital Initiatives, University of Miami Legacy.

Births at a California Relocation Center 1943Nurses hold four new arrivals to the Tule Lake, Calif., Japanese Relocation Center May 21, 1943.

Nurses from left to right are: Mary Nitta, Ruby Fujicki, Masako Nakadoi and Katsumi Ogawa. (AP Photo)
Nursing History: Titles in Richter Library

Bibliography adapted from Celebrating Nursing History: What to Keep by Margaret (Peg) Allen the list can be found at the Nursing and Allied Health Resource Section of the Medical Library Association.

Twenty Thousand Nurses Tell Their Story
Hughes, EC, et al.
Richter 9th Flr Stacks, RT82.H78 c.3
The ANA commissioned this study of the practice of nursing in the 1950s; this is the final report.
Hospital Sketches
Louisa May Alcott
Richter 7th Flr Stacks, E621.A34 1960 and as an e-book.
Chronicle of the nature of Civil War nursing. Portrayal of realities of everyday nursing in Alcott's letters home.
The Path We Tread:Blacks in Nursing Worldwide, 1854-1994
M. Elizabeth Carnegie
Richter 9th Flr Stacks RT83.5.C37 1995
Nurse and Spy in the Union Army: The Adventures and Experiences of a Woman in Hospitals, Camps, and Battlefields
S. Emma Edmonds
Richter 7th Flr Stacks E628.E36 1999
Originally published in 1865.
Makers of Nursing History
Pennock, MR
Richter 9th Flr Stacks RT34.P4 1940
Originally published 1928.
I Served on Bataan
Redmond, Juniata.
Richter 7th Flr Stacks, D767.4 .R4
Originally published 1943.
A History of Nursing
Nutting, MA and Dock, LA
Richter 9th Flr Stacks, RT31.N95 2000
Published as a 2 vol set in 1907; expanded to 4 volumes in 1937.
Reminiscences of Linda Richards - America's First Trained Nurse
Linda Richards
Off-Campus Gifts, G-1175
Originally published 1911.
Eminent Victorians
Lytton Strachey
Online via above link and Richter 7th Flr Stacks, CT782 .S8 1918b c.2
Notes on Nursing: What it Is, and What it Is Not
Florence Nightingale; Anita S. Kessler M.S.N. M.Ed.
Spec Coll RT51.N68 1860
Special Collections holds an 1860 edition. Other editions available, Richter 9th Flr Stacks RT40 .N5 1992 and online open access.
Florence Nightingale on Public Health Care
Florence Nightingale; Lynn McDonald (Editor)
To access the series of Nightingale's collected works online via the University of Miami Libraries catalog search Nightingale as author and select Internet Resources from the drop down menu.
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Lisa Baker

  • Head, Richter Library Learning & Research Services
  • (305) 284-2092

Vera Spika

  • Nursing & Health Sciences, Biology, and Psychology Librarian
  • (305) 284-2040
Nursing Hx. Online

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