Neuroscience Research Guide

Neuroscience at the University of Miami
Related University of Miami Research Guides
Welcome!
Welcome to the research guide for Neuroscience! This guide is a great tool for finding information for research, collecting articles for classes, and broadening your knowledge on the history and current states of Neuroscience. Each tab contains current and relevent resources for assisting you in collecting the best information for your project, interest, or research. 
What is Neuroscience
Neuroscience is the study of the nervous system (i.e., brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves), the mechanisms of behavior, and the nature of mind and consciousness. Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field that draws from a number of scientific disciplines including medicine, biological sciences, psychology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, and engineering, and beyond with the nervous system serving as the focus. Neuroscience is one of the most rapidly advancing fields of research and training. 

-University of Miami Neuroscience Catalog, 2018.
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Author Biography
 
 
Maya Lubarsky
2017-2018 Library Research Scholar
Class of 2018
Neuroscience Major, Chemistry, English, Public Health Minor
As a Library Research Scholar I was given the amazing opportunity to curate a project that both fell in line with my interests and could support the University of Miami Neuroscience community. This guide is meant as a tool to assist students, faculty, and community to further their research interests, learn, and explore this dynamic field. 
Contact About Guide
 
Vera Spika
vspika@miami.edu
(305) 284-2040
Librarian for Nursing & Health Studies, Psychololgy, and Biology
For questions or comments about guide, or for assistance, please contact Vera Spika.
Common Neuroscience Databases
What is a Database
A database is a collection of organized information. The data is all related and can be accessed in the database. A database allows you to look at articles from a wide range of journals and sources.
Important Neuroscience Books, Recommended by UM Neuroscience Professors
Cellular and Molecular Neurophysiology, by Constance Hammond, 2015
Focuses on the molecular and cellular physiology of neurons and synapses. It explains the molecular properties and functions of excitable cells in detail and teaches students how to construct and conduct intelligent research experiments. The content is firmly based on numerous experiments performed by top experts in the field. This book will be a useful resource for neurophysiologists, neurobiologists, neurologists, and students taking graduate-level courses on neurophysiology.

Development of Neuroscience, by Sanes, Reh, and Harris, 2011
Presents a broad and basic treatment of the established and evolving principles of neural development as exemplified by key experiments. The text begins with the emergence of the neural primordium, and takes a chapter by chapter approach in succeeding events in neural development: patterning and growth of the nervous system, neuronal determination, axonal navigation and targeting, neuron survival and death, synapse formation and developmental plasticity. In the last chapter, with the construction phase nearing completion, we examine the emergence of behavior. 

Ion Channels of Excitable Membranes, by Bertil Hille, 2001
Ion channels underlie a broad range of the most basic biological processes, from excitation and signaling to secretion and absorption. Like enzymes, they are diverse and ubiquitous macromolecular catalysts with high substrate specificity and subject to strong regulation. This book describes the known channels and their physiological functions, then develops the conceptual background needed to understand their architecture and molecular mechanisms of operation. It includes chapters on calcium signaling, structural biology, and molecular biology and genomics

Fundamental Neuroscience, by Larry R. Squire, 2012
This book includes a comprehensive presentation of the discipline of neuroscience, from molecules to cognition. The book builds from an introductory section that includes fundamental neuroanatomy and goes on to cover cellular and molecular neuroscience, development, sensory systems, motor systems, regulatory systems, and behavioral and cognitive neuroscience. 

NeuroscienceNeuroscience, by Dale Purves, 2017
This comprehensive textbook provides a balance of animal and human studies to discuss the dynamic field of neuroscience from cellular signaling to cognitive function. The book's length and accessible writing style make it suitable for both medical students and undergraduate neuroscience courses.

Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain, by Bear and Connors, 2007
This book emphasizes the biological basis of behavior. In just a few years, the field of neuroscience has been transformed by exciting new technologies and an explosion of knowledge about the brain. The human genome has been sequenced, sophisticated new methods have been developed for genetic engineering, and new methods have been introduced to enable visualization and stimulation of specific types of nerve cells and connections in the brain. 

Neuroscience : a historical introduction Neuroscience: A Historical Introduction, by Mitchell Glickstein, 2014
This introduction to neuroscience is unique in its emphasis on how we know what we know about the structure and function of the nervous system. The book traces our current neuroscientific knowledge to many and varied sources, including ancient observations on the role of the spinal cord in posture and movement, nineteenth-century neuroanatomists' descriptions of the nature of nerve cells, physicians' attempts throughout history to correlate the site of a brain injury with its symptoms, and experiments on the brains of invertebrates.

Cover artPrinciples of Neuroscience, by Kandel and Schwartz, 2012
Deciphering the link between the human brain and behavior has always been one of the most intriguing―and often challenging―aspects of scientific endeavor. The sequencing of the human genome, and advances in molecular biology, have illuminated the pathogenesis of many neurological diseases and have propelled our knowledge of how the brain controls behavior. In this text, prominent researchers in the field expertly survey the entire spectrum of neural science, giving an up-to-date, unparalleled view of the discipline for anyone who studies brain and mind.

University of Miami Libraries Neuroscience Top Search Results

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How to find books in the library
Go to library.miami.edu.
Enter into USearch what you are searching for (Books, Journals, Databases, etc). Press enter.
If you want something specific, click on the modifiers under the search bar. 
If you need further limiters for the search (ex: Dates, Authors, Language, etc.) use the left hand column links. 
For help finding books at UM Libraries, check out this helpful Search Guide
 
What is a Journal
A journal is a publication that reports new research in science.
Some journals are specialized, while some are more general and publish articles about all scientific findings.
Journals in science/academia are peer reviewed and held to a certain standard.
Check our our list of important Neuroscience Journals to find articles for your research or general knowledge. 
The Peer Review Process
When looking at a journal, you want to check that all the content is marked as subject to peer review. Peer-review is a process of quality control where an author's work is subjected to the scrutiny of other experts in the field. The experts check the validity of the work. Peer-review also allows a Journal to check if the article falls within its scope and is suitable for the publication.

To see if a Journal you are looking at is peer reviewed visit Ulrich.com. Type in the name of the Journal you are looking for. The Journal and others with similiar names will pop up on the next page. If the Journal has a black striped icon next to it, which means it is Refereed, then it is a peer-reviewed journal. 

When looking at open access articles, make sure you are looking at reputable journals. You don't want to cite an article that has false or not confirmed information.

For more information  on the peer review process, and how to know if a Journal is reputable, visit:
- University of Chicago, Journal and Article Evaluation
- ACLR Scholarly Communication Toolkit: Evaluating Journals
- Western Illinois University, Choosing and Evaluating Journals, Publishers and Conferences
Important Neuroscience Journals
  • Brain-Publishes landmark papers in clinical neurology and translational neuroscience since 1878.
  • Brain Research-Publishes papers reporting interdisciplinary investigations of the nervous system. Its scope is broad, ranging from cellular and molecular studies through systems neuroscience, cognition, and disease.
  • Cell-Publishes experimental biology, including but not limited to cell biology, molecular biology, neuroscience, immunology, virology and microbiology, cancer, human genetics, systems biology, signaling, and disease mechanisms and therapeutics. Cell also features review and opinion articles on recent research advances and issues of interest.
  • eLife- A non-profit organization that publishes work in all areas of the life and biomedical sciences. The research is freely available.
  • Experimental Neurology-Publishes original research in neuroscience with particular emphasis on novel findings in neural development, regeneration, plasticity and transplantation. Focuses on the basic mechanisms underlying neurological disorders.
  • Glia-Publishes articles dealing with all aspects of glial structure and function.
  • Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism-The official journal of the International Society for Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism. It stands at the interface between basic and clinical neurovascular research, featuring experimental, theoretical, and clinical aspects of brain circulation, metabolism and imaging. 
  • Journal of Clinical Investigations- Publishes basic and phase I/II clinical research submissions in all biomedical specialties. This journal is open-access.
  • Journal of Neuroscience- A multidisciplinary journal that publishes on a broad range of topics realted to thenervous system. 
  • Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology- The official journal of the American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc. (AANP). It publishes studies on neuropathology and experimental neuroscience, covering a broad spectrum of fields in basic neuroscience with an emphasis on human neurological diseases.
  • Journal of Neurotrauma-A biweekly medical journal covering neurotraumas. The official journal of the National Neurotrauma Society and the International Neurotrauma Society. Focuses on the basic pathobiology of injury to the central nervous system.
  • Journal of Visualized Experiments-Creates and publishes videos of scientific experiments from the top laboratories around the globe. 
  • Nature-The home of the Nature Neuroscience Journal, Nature contains reputable articles on a wide range of topics.
  • Nature Neuroscience-Publishes content that elaborates on significant advances in neuroscience and cover topical issues.
  • Neuron- One of the most influential and relied upon journals in the field of neuroscience. It integrates biophysical, cellular, developmental, and molecular approaches with a systems approach to sensory, motor, and higher-order cognitive functions. 
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Science-The journal's content spans the biological, physical, and social sciences and is global in scope. Nearly half of all accepted papers come from authors outside the United States.
  • Science- A premier journal that covers a multitude of topics.
  • Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management- The only journal to cover all aspects of hypothermia and temperature considerations, including its application in cardiac arrest, spinal cord and traumatic brain injury, stroke, burns, and much more. 
  • Translational Stroke Research-Covers basic, translational, and clinical studies. It emphasizes novel approaches in order to help translate scientific discoveries from basic stroke research into the development of new strategies for prevention, assessment, treatment, and repair after stroke and other forms of neurotrauma.
History of Neuroscience at the University of Miami
Neuroscience began at the University of Miami in 1969 when there were faculty at UM engaged in research on the nervous system.

In 1991, the faculty members from Physiology, Pharmacology, Neurology, Psychology, Biology, and the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis created the Neuroscience PhD program, endorsed by Provost Dr. Luis Glaser, a neuroscientist. The program was approved by the Faculty Senate and the first Neuroscience Program at UM was born! It consisted of 14 different UM department faculty and was on the Medical, Marine, and Gables campuses. The first class began in 1992. Come 2018, there are 100 faculty members and 35 PhD students in the program. Dr. Nirupsa Chaudhari from the Department of Physiology is the Director of the program. It is governed by the Steering Committee of faculty from all three campuses.

Until 2000, there was no real “Neuroscience Program” for undergraduate students interested in brain and behavior. Those students were recommended to double major in Psychology and Biology under the “Psychobiology Major.” While 50-60 students were in the programmed major, there were no major features that bound the program together. So members of the Neuroscience PhD Program Steering Committee, Dr. Philip McCabe and Dr. John Bixby, worked with the College of Arts and Sciences to help create the Undergraduate Neuroscience Major on the Coral Gables Campus.

The first Undergraduate Neuroscience Program began in 2001. Dr. David Wilson (Biology) served as Director. At the time there were two tracks, a Pscyhobiology tract for students interested in cognitive and behavioral Neuroscience, and a Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience track. 68 students were enrolled the first year, and the program quickly grew to 192 students total, with a cap of 48 students per year to accommodate the Neuroscience Laboratory Course materials.

In 2003, Dr. McCabe took over as the director. Quickly, the cap was raised to 72 students per year, raising the enrollment in the program to 288 students! The two tracks were combined into one Neuroscience B.S. with one curriculum.

In 2014, 11 years later, Dr. McCabe stepped down as the Director and became the Chairman of the Psychology Department. Dr. Helen Bramlett became of the Director of the Undergraduate Neuroscience Program.

For more information on the forming of the Neuroscience Major:
Shalala, Donna, and Steven Green. University of Miami Faculty Senate Memorandum Neuroscience. 2001, https://fs.miami.edu/_assets/pdf/facultysenate/Documents/2001-Legislation/2001-10.pdf.                   

Information collected via an interview with Dr. Philip McCabe, Chairman of the Psychology Department, 2018.
Unique Features of the Undergraduate Neuroscience at University of Miami Program
  • High Admissions Standards
  • A FACT/FORUM Advising System in the form of two classes taken over the course of freshman year to introduce students to the major and prepare them for the track
  • An emphasis on students performing faculty-supervised research
  • Teaching of Neuroscience courses by medical school faculty
  • Summer Research Fellowship Programs: The Louis Pope Undergraduate Summer Neuroscience Research Fellowships
  • A close connection with the Miller School of Medicine and faculty
  • A small class size with a senior Neuroscience Laboratory Course providing hands on interactive experience.
Information collected via an interview with Dr. Philip McCabe, Chairman of the Psychology Department, 2018.
University of Miami College of Arts and Sciences


Photos courtesy of University of Miami College of Arts and Science Neuroscience Home Page, 2018
Ways to Get Involved with Neuroscience at UM
Nu Rho Psi (NRP)
A national non-profit, grassroots National Honor Society founded in 2006 by neuroscientists around the country. The University of Miami’s Chapter, the Alpha Chapter, is the first NRP chapter in the state of Florida.
 
NRP offers UM students opportunities for networking, scholarships, and research in the field of neuroscience, as well as recognition for being a part of a national community of Neuroscientists. Some of their events include mixers and informational presentations to learn about neuroscience research around campus. They aim to provide students with research opportunities, mentorship and support at the local and national level.

To learn more about Nu Rho Psi Nationals.
Their Facebook is updated with events. 

Information collected in 2018 via interviews with Andrew Mudreac, Co-Founder, Roberto Efrain Diaz, Co-Founder and 2016 President, and Meghana Shownkeen, 2017 President.

Image result for uconnect umiamiUConnect
A peer-based undergraduate research platform. It facilitates positive networking by bringing together students who have research experience, students who wish to have research experience, and research professionals. They aim to:
  1. Provide visibility and outreach for the various fields of research available at UM
  2. Foster research conversations between students and research professionals
  3. Connect undergraduates seeking research to faculty members through the Office of Undergraduate Research
They host events throughout the academic year including faculty panels, student networking forums, and information sessions. 

The organization can be contacted at uconnectum@gmail.com.
To learn more about UConnect
Their Facebook is updated with events.

Information collected in 2018 via interview with Layla Nassar, 2016-2018 President.

Psi Chi
Founded in 1929, it is the International Honor Society in Psychology created for the purposes of encouraging, stimulating, and maintaining excellence in scholarship, and advancing the science of psychology. The mission of Psi Chi is to produce a well-educated, ethical, and socially responsible member committed to contributing to the science and profession of psychology and to society in general.

To be eligible for an invitation, you must have a psychology or neuroscience major or minor, have completed nine credits in psychology, have a cumulative GPA of 3.5, and be in the top 35% of your class.

You are usually invited in the spring to become an inducted Psi Chi member. Even if you are not invited to become an inducted member, you are encouraged to attend meetings. Psi Chi also publishes a page in the undergraduate newsletter, which is published in August, October, January, March, and May.

The organization can be contacted at umiamipsichi@gmail.com
Their Facebook is updated with events.

Information collected in 2018 via interview with Caroline Reid, 2017 Secretary.

Alpha Epsilon Delta (AED)
An international pre-health honor society founded in 1926 that welcomes a variety of academic backgrounds. AED offers opportunities for intellectual and professional development, provides a forum for students with common interests, and extends a program of service to benefit the college/university community.

The University of Miami Florida Gamma Chapter strives to serve every member of the student body interested in a healthcare profession and enrich their undergraduate experience. This includes meetings that have a variety of healthcare professional guest speakers and volunteer opportunities such as the Ronald McDonald House, Camillus House, Project Downtown, and more. AED also participates in bigger events on campus such as Relay for Life.

National membership can be achieved by receiving enough points as a member for attending different events, taking at least 3 semesters of preprofessional studies, and have a science GPA of at least a 3.2. National membership allows for networking and scholarship opportunities.

The organization can be contacted at univmiamiaed@gmail.com.
More information can be found at http://umaed.org as well as their Facebook page.

Information collected in 2018 via interview with Michelle Buchbinder, 2017 Community Service and Activities Chair.
About this Section
Neuroscience is a very diverse field. By pursuing an undergraduate major in Neuroscience, there are many career options that become available. From medical doctor to dentist to teacher, many fields can benefit from a Neuroscience background. When you study Neuroscience at UM you are learning both basic science skills and information, psychology information, and details about our nerves and the way our brains work. All this information can be useful in a variety of fields. 
Careers that Benefit from a Neuroscience Perspective
Audiology                                                                           Neurologist                                                      
Biomedical Engineer                                                          Neuropsychologist and Clinical Neuropsychologist
Chiropractor                                                                       Neuroprosthetics
Clinical Research Coordinator                                           Orthotist and Prosthetist
Dentistry                                                                             Pharmacist
Endocrinologist                                                                  Pharmaceutical Sales
Genetic Counselor                                                             Physical Therapy
Geneticist                                                                           Physician Assistant
Hospital Administration                                                      Psychiatrist
Laboratory Technician                                                       Speech Pathology
Laboratory Technologist                                                    Teaching
Medical Assistant                                                               Technical Writer
Medical Scientist                                                                Toxicologist
Neurodiagnostic Technologist                                            Veterinarian

For more links and information on career opportunities visit:
Undergraduate Neuroscience Major, Ohio State
Traditional Neuroscience Careers, UT Dallas
What Can I do with a Major in Neuroscience, Christopher Newport University 
Live Updates from Neuroscience Twitter (@NeuroscienceNews)

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Image result for neuroscience
Image courtesy of BBC (http://www.bbc.com/future/tags/neuroscience) 

Image courtesy of NeuroTracker (https://neurotracker.net/7-major-developments-neuroscience-2017/)
Neuroscience Websites
SfN
  • The Society for Neuroscience- The Society for Neuroscience is an organization of scientists and physicians devoted to understanding the brain and nervous system. Great for Neuroscience news, updates, and more!
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
  • The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke is an Institute within the NIH (National Institutes of Health). The mission of NINDS is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and to use that knowledge to reduce the burden of neurological disease. Great for news, updates, and information on neurological disorders and stroke. 
The Buoniconti Fund to Cure Paralysis & The Miami Project
  • The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis- The Miami Project to Cure Paraylsis is the premier investigative research program conducting cutting edge discovery, translational, and clinical investigations targeting spinal cord and brain injuries.  The Miami Project has changed the landscape of knowledge and therapeutic strategies for spinal cord and traumatic brain injury.
Neuroscience Blogs
  • Top Neuroscience Blogs- An index of the best Neuroscience Blogs from thousands on the web. Data is refreshed once a week. Collects blogs from around the world and different universities. 
Websites to Learn About the History of Neuroscience/ Inventions
  • "History of Neuroscience" by Mitchell Glickstein, 2008- An article with a thorough overview on major neuroscience scientific developments and the history of the field. This review traces the history of neuroscience from its origins to recent times.
  • "History of the Society for Neuroscience"- History of the creation and effects of the Society for Neuroscience. This is a story of how SfN created unity out of an enormous diversity of approaches and disciplinary traditions and a complicated narrative that involves numerous individuals, institutions, new technologies, new biological discoveries, and changing social, economic, and political contexts.
  • "Early History of Neuroscience" by Charles G. Gross, 1987- This article outlines some of the major developments in our understanding of nerve and brain function before the middle of the 19th century.
Reference Management Resources
Managing a bunch of papers can be tough. Reference management software can help organize journal articles and creating a citation list [bibliography] for any project you need.

When deciding on a software consider, ease of import/export, storage capacity, tagging capabilities, annotaiton ability, sharing features, and ability to organize PDFs.

Below are common and useful reference softwares:

RefWorks - Legacy 
Refworks is a web based bibliography and database manager that allows users to create their own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases. Accessing RefWorks, Creating an Account, and Logging In

EndNote 
Students, faculty and staff can download from the University of Miami Technology Center for free. To learn how to use Endnote visit EndNote Tutorials

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Mendeley 
Mendeley is a reference and pdf manager with collaboration tools and an online social network that allows you to discover and share research. It has both online and desktop components. To learn how to use Mendeley visit Mendeley Videos & Tutorials.

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Zotero 
Free Firefox extension for collecting, managing and citing your sources. It allows you to save citations from scholarly databases and freely available webpages. To learn how to use Zotero visit Video Tutorials (Zotero).

Other: PapersCiteULikeFaculty1000 and more.

For answers to Frequently Asked Questions visit this FAQ Page from Western Illinois University.
For a comparison between the different Citation Management Tools visit this Comparison Page from MIT Libraries.
Citation Resources/ How to Cite
Neuroscience citation varies based on what publication you are writing for. Ask your instructor or publication what format they want. The Common Citation Formats are explained below: