Research Guides


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UM Photographic Collections


  4th of July, Miami Beach  

Michael L. Carlebach Photography  Collection

Special Collections Digital Collections



 Administrator Switzer welcoming Cuban refugees arriving in the Cuban Freedom  flights, 1968 

Cuban Photograph Collections



A member of the 1964 cheerleading squad poses with a megaphone

UM Historical Photographs Collection, University Archives

Subject Specialist

Gilda Santana

Featured Links


Photogrammar is a web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI).



Picking beans near Homestead, Florida. 1939. Margaret Post Wolcott, Photographer. 

Core Electronic Resources
Art Abstracts (H.W. Wilson)
Art Abstracts contains citations and abstract summaries to journal articles and other resources on art, art history, architecture, photography, archaeology, city planning, film, and related subjects. The service includes links and cross-searchability to the Library's subscription to the AMICO Library.

Art Bibliographies Modern
ARTbibliographies Modern indexes journal articles and other resources on artists, art movements, art theory, art criticism and art history beginning with Impressionism in the late 19th century to present.

JSTOR provides digital versions of the backfiles of major scholarly journals. Primarily an archival collection, JSTOR does not provide access to the most recent 3-5 years of content for most titles. Bibliography of the History of Art
BHA is a bilingual bibliographical index covering European and American art from late antiquity to the present. BHA includes and extends the coverage of its two predecessor art indexes: Repertoire d'Art et d'Archeologie (RAA) from 1973 to 1989 and International Repertory of the Literature of Art (RILA) from 1975 to 1989.
Selected Journals and Serials
Supplementary Databases
Arts and Humanities Citation Index
International coverage of more than 1,150 leading arts and humanities journals as well as selective coverage from leading science and social sciences journals.
Google Scholar
Other Image Collectons
A commercial image database featuring hundreds of thousands of images to be licensed. It is handy for a quick image reference.

Life Photo Archive
Bi-monthly USA guide to fine art photography exhibitions, private dealers, auctions, events, and resources.

Wikimedia Commons
A database if freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute.

Digital Images Collections Wiki
Digital Images Collections Wiki is a resource of Free- and Fair-Use digital image collections that are available for anyone to use for personal or educational purposes.

Getty Images
A commercial resource featuring new and sports photography to contemporary and archival imagery.

Metropolitan Museum of Art: Timeline of Art History
A chronological, geographical, and thematic exploration of the history of art from around the world, as illustrated by the Metropolitan Museum of Art's collection, extending from prehistory to the present.

ARTstor consists of a repository of hundreds of thousands of digital images and related data including the tools to actively use those images and a restricted-usage environment that seeks to balance the rights of content providers with the needs and interests of content users. The ARTstor collections are comprised of contributions from museums, individual photographers, scholars, special collections at libraries, and photo archives. All images are accompanied by comprehensive metadata and are rights-cleared for educational use.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Photographic Collections
MMA searchable database contains over 300,000 records of their photographic collections
Institutions & Organizations

·       George Eastman House: Photographic Collections Online 

A digital image sampler and browsing resource for the vast photography holdings of George Eastman House.

·       Center for Creative Photography (CCP) University of Arizona

The Center holds more archives and individual works by 20th-century North American photographers than any other archive the world.

·       Directory to Photographs at Harvard  

A guide to over 7.5 million photographs held in libraries, museums, archives and research institutes at Harvard University. See: Fogg Art Museum – Department of Photographs

·       Florida Memory  

Featuring over 185,000 digitized photographs from the State Library and Archives of Florida, the Florida Photographic Collection is the most complete online portrait of Florida available--one that draws its strength from family pictures, the homes of Floridians, their work, and their pastimes.

·       International Center of Photography (ICP)  

The International Center of Photography (ICP) is the world’s leading institution dedicated to the practice and understanding of photography and the reproduced image in all its forms.

·       Library of Congress American Memory Project  

The gateway to 9 million digitized items organized into 100 thematic collections from the Library of Congress’s vast resources that document U.S. history and culture. Original formats include manuscripts, prints, photographs, posters, maps, sound recordings, motion pictures, books, pamphlets, and sheet music.

·       Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Online Catalog 

LOC Prints and Photographs online features nearly one million digital images taken from the Library's 50+ collections of prints and photographs. Included are images from the the National Child Labor Committee Collection, the U.S. News and World Report Magazine Photograph Collection, the Library of Congress Baseball Card Collection, and the Collection of Architecture, Design and Engineering Drawings.

·       National Geographic Photo Galleries  

·       New York Public Library Digital Gallery  

Over 600,000 images digitized from illuminated manuscripts, historical maps, vintage posters, rare prints and photographs, illustrated books, printed ephemera, and more.

A web-based platform for organizing, searching, and visualizing the 170,000 photographs from 1935 to 1945 created by the United States Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information (FSA-OWI). 

·       Smithsonian Images  

16 million letters, photographs, diaries, oral history interviews, sketches, scrapbooks, business records, and other documents that support the study of the history of the visual arts in America.

Google Scholar
Oxford Companion to the Photograph
Lenman, Robin. 2005. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography
Hannavy, John. 2008: New York: Routledge.

Encyclopedia of twentieth-century photography
Warren, Lynne. 2006. New York: Routledge. The Abrams encyclopedia of photography
Govignon, Brigitte. 2004. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers.

Photography and photographers to 1900 : an annotated bibliography
Sennett, Robert S. 1985. New York: Garland.

Index to American photographic collections: compiled at the International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House
Eskind, Andrew H., Greg Drake, and James McQuaid. 1990. Boston, Mass: G.K. Hall.

Looking at photographs: a guide to technical terms
Baldwin, Gordon, and Martin C. Jürgens. 2009. Los Angeles, Calif: J. Paul Getty Museum.

The photograph collector's guide
Witkin, Lee D., and Barbara London. 1979. Boston: New York Graphic Society. Guide to photographic collections at the Smithsonian Institution.
Smithsonian Institution, Diane Vogt-O'Connor, and Joan Redding. 1989. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Images of history: nineteenth and early twentieth century Latin American photographs as documents.
Levine, Robert M. 1989. Durham: Duke University Press.

The Focal encyclopedia of photography: digital imaging, theory and applications, history, and science.
Peres, Michael R. 2007. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Focal Press.

The Focal encyclopedia of photography.
Stroebel, Leslie D., and Richard D. Zakia. 1993. Boston: Focal Press.

The Encyclopedia of photography; the complete photographer: the comprehensive guide and reference for all photographers.
Morgan, Willard D. 1963. New York: Greystone Press.
Featured Titles
The Oxford Companion to the Photograph
Robin Lenman (Editor)

The Photographer's Eye
John Szarkowski
About Copyright
The re-use of images for educational purposes (not including print or electronic publication of any kind) is generally considered acceptable under the terms of "fair use". If you wish to publish images, even for educational purposes, you will first need to find out whether or not the image is protected by copyright, and then how to get copyright clearance. Permission to publish might also be required from the institution that owns the image, even if it is in the public domain, particularly images found in licensed databases (like ARTstor).  There is often a fee for acquiring permission to publish.  When in doubt, consult the University of Miami Libraries Guide to Copyright and Permissions
Images for Academic Publishing
Certain images provided by the Met available through ARTstor are publication-quality images and are available free-of-charge for use in scholarly publications. These images will have an IAP icon below the thumbnail. Users will have to agree to a terms and conditions statement to download the publication-quality images.

Citation Styles Guides

Images must be cited like all other resourcess.  Just like with text, you need to cite images, photos, graphs, charts, videos; in other words, any images you use.  Image citations should include the following information:  title; creator name; repository information (museum, library, or other owning institution); image source (database, website, book, postcard, vendor, etc.); and date accessed.  Other useful information includes date, culture, and rights information if known.  Use any citation style of your choice.  To see a list of online citation tools:

Citation Styles using "The Oxford companion to the photograph"

APA (6th ed.)
Lenman, R. (2005). The Oxford companion to the photograph. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chicago (Author-Date, 15th ed.)
Lenman, Robin. 2005. The Oxford companion to the photograph. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Harvard (18th ed.)
LENMAN, R. (2005). The Oxford companion to the photograph. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

MLA (7th ed.)
Lenman, Robin. The Oxford Companion to the Photograph. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.

Turabian (6th ed.)
Lenman, Robin. The Oxford Companion to the Photograph. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.




Citing Image from Online Source


Edward Steichen. Alfred Stieglitz at "291". Photograph, 1915.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1933. (33.43.29) (accessed 4.08.15)

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