- Research Basics: Knowing What You Need and Evaluating What You Find
- Navigating the Music Library
- Using Databases for Music Research
- Useful Websites for Music Research
- Finding Music Scores in the Library and Online
- Finding Audio and Video in the Library and Online
- Finding Lyrics and Libretti in the Library and Online
- Writing and Citing
- Are you researching a piece of music that you will be performing?
- Are you studying the history of a musical instrument, or style or genre of music?
- Are you trying to find out how a particular composer influenced those who followed?
- Are you looking into the social aspects of a type of music?
- Are you examining how music affects the brain?
- Are you preparing a method or guide to playing an instrument or performing a specific type of music?
- Scores and sheet music
- Journals and articles
- Audio recordings
- Video recordings
- Live performances and performance reviews
- Interviews with musicians
- Lessons and methods
If we do not have something you need, ask! We can try to get it for you.
One way to determine if a resource is useful to you or not is to apply the CRAAP Method (sometimes called the CRAAP Test):
Currency: When was the information published? Is it up-to-date? Does your topic require current information, or would older sources work?
Relevance: Does this information relate to your topic? Who is the intended audience? Is the information at an appropriate level for your purposes?
Authority: Who is the author or source of the information? What are the author's credentials? Is he or she qualified to write on this topic?
Accuracy: Is the information accurate and supported by evidence? Does the language or tone seem unbiased? Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
Purpose: What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain, or pursuade? Does the author make his or her intentions or purpose clear? Is the point-of-view objective and impartial, or are there biases?
For more information about the CRAAP Method, visit the links below:
Evaluating Information for Academic Quality (video by NYIT Libraries)
How to Evaluate Resources using the CRAAP Test (Gettysburg College)
For more help navigating the Music Library, you can view or download our floor plans.
- Music scores
- 2nd floor, in the wing facing Lake Osceola.
- "Oversize Scores" are near the north-east end of the wing.
- "Miniature Scores" are near the center of the wing.
- Books about music
- 2nd floor, in the wing facing the new Patricia Louise Frost Music Studios.
- "Reference" books, theses, and dissertations are shelved near the stairs.
- Music journals and magazines
- 2nd floor, in the wing facing Lake Osceola.
- Current issues are shelved along the wall closest to the doorway.
- Past issues are bound together by volume and shelved between current issues and scores.
- Audio and video
- 1st floor, behind the circulation desk.
- Ask a staff member for help.
- DVDs are also available on the 1st floor of Richter Library.
- Special music collections
- The Larry Taylor-Billy Matthews Musical Theater Archive
- The Frank Cooper Music Facsimile Collection
- 1st floor, behind the circulation desk.
- Ask a staff member for help.
Audio and video recordings in the Weeks Music Library are arranged in the order that the library received them.
For a more complete list of class numbers for the Weeks Music Library's score collection, please visit our Score Browsing Guide.
For more information about this classification system, check out the full Library of Congress Classification Outline.
M - Music Scores
M1-M3: Miscellaneous collections and collected works of composers
M6-M175: Music for one performer (includes method books)
M177-M999: Chamber Music for two to twenty performers
M1000-M1365: Music for large ensembles
M1430-M1440: Jazz methods and music
M1470-M1480: Avant-garde, electronic, and other experimental music
M1500-M1998: Secular vocal and choral music
M1999-M2198: Sacred vocal and choral music
ML - Literature on Music
ML1-ML5: Journals and magazines
ML47-ML54: Librettos and texts used in music
ML100-ML109: Dictionaries and encyclopedias
ML112.8-ML158.8 :Music bibliographies
ML385-ML429: Biographies of individual musicians and musical groups
ML459-ML1380: Books about musical instruments and instrumental music
ML1400-ML3275: Books about vocal music
ML3469-ML3541: Books about popular music (jazz, rap, rock, etc.)
ML3544-ML3776: Books about folk, national, and ethnic music
MT - Music Instruction and Study (How to...)
MT5.5-MT7: Music theory
MT70-MT74: Instrumentation and orchestration
MT90-MT146: Music analysis and music appreciation
MT170-MT810: Instrumental techniques
MT820-MT915: Singing and vocal techniques
MT918-MT948: School music (Kindergarten through high school)
MT955-MT956: Musical theater
- If you use the "Keyword" search, put phrases in quotation marks.
- If you use the "Author" search (which you can use to search for any person, not just an author), make sure you enter the person's name last name first.
- If you use the "Title" search, make sure you enter the title as it is from left to right (leaving off "A, An, and The"): eg. "Phantom of the Opera" not "Phantom Opera."
- If your search doesn't get any results, please Ask a Librarian! We may be able to tweak your search for success.
For more information about using the library catalog to find music materials, take a look at our Search Tips.
- Are you looking for articles about popular music?
- Do you want to read contemporary reports about 19th-century works and/or performers?
- Would you like to find not only articles, but also books, dissertations, and other kinds of resources?
Proquest Dissertations & Theses includes disserations and similar documents about all kinds of subjects.
- Are you interested in music education, music therapy, music engineering, or music business?
Visit our "Database List by Subject" for more databases.
RILM Abstracts of Music Literature features content from the early 1800s through the present, and includes coverage of relevant articles from thousands of journals, many of which are not specifically devoted to music. In addition, it covers a variety of publication and media types including essay collections, conference proceedings, critical editions of music, digital media, dissertations, monographs, online resources, reference materials, reviews, and technical drawings of instruments. Sound recordings and motion pictures that present the results of scholarly research or fieldwork are also included.
RIPM Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals with Online Archive indexes the contents of music periodicals published between 1800 and 1950, including articles, reviews, illustrations, music examples, advertisements, and press reviews. In addition, RIPM offers English-language translations of articles from journals in other languages.
Music Index provides citations to scholarly and popular music journals and magazines, indexing more than 690 international music periodicals. Book reviews, reviews of music recordings, tapes, and performances are indexed.
Here are some tutorial YouTube videos about using EBSCOhost databases:
Introduction to EBSCOhost
EBSCOhost Basic Search
EBSCOhost Advanced Searching
Using the EBSCOhost Results List
- Digital Music Collections at the Library of Congress
Sheet music, recordings, images, and more, spanning the history of music in the United States, including folk, jazz, blues, marches and military music, and music from various American composers.
- Iberoamérica Digital
(Biblioteca Digital del Patrimonio Iberoamericano) A portal which provides access through a single search to digitized materials from the national libraries of Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Spain, Panama and Portugal.
- IMSLP Petrucci Music Library
The Petrucci Music Library was begun in 2006 by IMSLP (International Music Score Library Project) in order to gathering all public domain music scores and the music scores of any contemporary composers who wish to release them to the public free of charge. IMSLP is governed primarily by Canadian copyright law and, therefore, some works may not be public domain in other countries.
- Music Treasures Consortium
The Library of Congress's Music Treasures Consortium provides access to highly valued music manuscripts and print materials held in some of the world's most renowned music archives, including the British Library, Harvard University, and the Morgan Library & Museum.
- Performing Arts Encyclopedia
The Performing Arts Encyclopedia is a guide to performing arts resources at the Library of Congress. The Encyclopedia provides access to digitized scores, sheet music, audio reordings, films, photographs, and other materials.
- Sheet Music Consortium
The Sheet Music Consortium, hosted by the UCLA Digital Library Program, is a cooperative project to build an open collection of digitized sheet music through harvesting metadata from collections around the world.
- Sibley Music Library Music Scores
The digitized collection of music scores from Eastman School of Music's Sibley Music Library includes over 14,000 digitized manuscripts and scores in the public domain, many of which are unique to Sibley's collection.
- Bach, Johann Sebastian: Bach Cantatas Website
- Beethoven, Ludwig van: Beethoven-Haus Digital Archives
- Berlioz, Hector: Berlioz Music Scores
- Bloch, Ernest: Ernest Bloch and the Library of Congress
- Bononcini, Giovanni: Bononcini.org
- Brahms, Johannes: Samtliche Werke (IMSLP)
- Carmichael, Hoagy: Hoagy Carmichael Collection
- Carter, Elliott: Elliott Carter at the Library of Congress
- Chopin, Frederic: First Editions Online
- Copland, Aaron: The Aaron Copland Collection, ca. 1900-1990
- Dvorak, Antonin : Souborne vydani dila (IMSLP)
- Glenn Gould Archive
- Handel, George Frideric: Complete works
- Haydn, Joseph: Werke (IMSLP)
- Liszt, Franz: Musikalische Werke (IMSLP)
- Lully, Jean-Baptiste: The Jean-Baptiste Lully Collection
- Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix: Werke (IMSLP)
- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus: Neue Mozart-Ausgabe (NMA) Online
- Nazareth, Ernesto: The Nazareth Project
- Oscar Peterson: A Jazz Sensation
- Schubert, Franz: Werke (IMSLP)
- Schumann, Robert: Complete Works
- Sousa, John Philip: The March King: John Philip Sousa
- LPs (vinyl records)
- VHS tapes
- Audio cassette tapes
Richter Library also has a collection of DVDs; these are shelved in the Information Commons past the public computers.
You can use UDVD to browse our DVDs!
- DRAM: Database of Recorded American Music
DRAM is a scholarly resource providing educational communities with on-demand streaming access to CD-quality audio (192kbps Mp4), complete original liner notes and essays from independent record labels and sound archives. The collection contains over 4,000 albums' worth of recordings from a distinctive set of 42 independent labels and archives. In addition, it contains a diverse catalogue of American music represented by the New World Records and CRI labels.
- Music and Performing Arts from Alexander Street
Music and Performing Arts consists of multiple music and performing arts databases, including American Song, Classical Music Library, Classical Scores Library, Dance in Video, Jazz Music Library, Popular Music Library, Contemporary World Music, and Smithsonian Global Sound for Libraries.
- Naxos Music Library
Naxos Music Library has over 327,000 tracks of music and is continually adding music from the Naxos label as well as other leading independent labels.
- Naxos Music Library Jazz
Naxos Music Library Jazz comprises Naxos Jazz and the 22 labels of Fantasy Jazz. There are close to 20,000 tracks of jazz, more than 1,850 albums, and over 500 jazz artists.
- Library of Congress Recorded Sound Reference Center
The Recorded Sound Reference Center provides access to a portion of the Library of Congress's audio collections through the Recorded Sound Reference Center's web page, the American Memory site, The Performing Arts Encyclopedia and the American Folklife Center pages.
- Association for Cultural Equity Online Archive
Audio, video, photographs and other digitized material from the Association for Cultural Equity's Alan Lomax Archive.
- Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project
The Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project provides online access to over 8,000 cylinder recordings held by the University of Santa Barbara's Donald C. Davidson Library. These recordings feature musical and spoken selections from the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The most frequently used of these books are the ones published by Leyerle Publications. These include
- French opera libretti (ML48 .F74 1999)
- German miscellaneous opera libretti (ML48 .G373 2005)
- Gluck & Monteverdi opera libretti (ML48 .G57 2008)
- Italian belcanto opera libretti (ML48 .I83 2000)
- Italian verismo opera libretti (ML48 .I89 2000)
- Libretti of Russian operas. Vol. 1 (ML48 .L637 2004)
- Handel opera libretti (ML49 .H236 2005)
- The libretti of Mozart's completed operas (ML49 .M83 C315 1997)
- The complete Puccini libretti (ML49 .P977 1993)
- The complete Verdi libretti (ML49 .V484 1994)
- Three Wagner opera libretti (ML49 .W134 2006)
- Four Strauss opera libretti (ML49 .S76 O62 2002)
- Der Ring des Nibelungen (ML50 .W14 R32 2003)
- Selected song texts of great German lieder (ML54.6 .G53 2004)
- Italian song texts from the 17th through the 20th centuries (ML54.6 .I83)
- Italian song texts from the 18th century (ML54.6 .I83 v.2)
- Schumann's complete song texts (ML54.6 .S387 G52 2002)
- Schubert's complete song texts (ML54.6 .S39 G515 1996)
- Richard Strauss' complete song texts (ML54.6 .S77 2004)
- Hugo Wolf's complete song texts (ML54.6 .W6 G55 2000)
Some of the other notable books of lyrics and libretti include
- The complete annotated Gilbert and Sullivan / introduced and edited by Ian Bradley (ML49 .S9 A1 1996)
- The complete lyrics of Irving Berlin / edited by Robert Kimball and Linda Emmet (ML54.6 .B464 K55 2001)
- The new American musical : an anthology from the end of the century / edited and introduced by Wiley Hausam (ML48 .N485 2003)
- The ring of words; an anthology of song texts / selected and translated by Philip L. Miller (ML54.6 .M5 R5 1973)
- The Aria Database
The Aria Database is a collection of information about opera and operatic arias, including translations for many arias and aria texts for those that are not affected by copyright restrictions.
- The LiederNet Archive
"The world's largest reference archive of texts and translations of art songs and choral works."
- Opera Glass
Standford's opera web directory contains libretti, source texts, synopses, discographies, and information about composers, librettists, and opera companies.
- Libretto Index
An index of known libretto pages, arranged by composer and name of the opera.
- Christian Classics Ethereal Library - Hymns and Hymnology by Title
Full text of dozens of hymnals and books on hymnology.
"A comprehensive index of 5,028 hymnals, 1,043,148 published hymns, scores and media files, and information." Allows searching by song titles and first lines, hymnal titles, persons, and tunes.
- Lyrics and Music
"A lyric and music search engine for music people by music people" -- lets you search by artist, title, or words in the lyrics. Results lists include lyrics, Youtube videos, Wikipedia results, and more.
- Bluegrass Lyrics
Searchable index of bluegrass song lyrics; also includes links to collections of songs by artist and subgenre.
- The Child Ballads Index
E-text version of The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, by Francis James Child.
- Folk Music of England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales & America
Contains information about traditional, popular, and folk tunes from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and America.
- Popular Songs in American History
Information on popular and traditional songs from the Colonial and Revolutionary Era to the early 20th century.
- Roud Folk Song Index
"The Roud Folk Song Index is a database of 143,000 references to songs that have been collected from oral tradition in the English language from all over the world."
- Roud Folk Song Index on Wikipedia
Provides a brief description and links to the various folk songs.
- Search the Roud Folk Song Index
The Roud Folk Song Index search page.
- Traditional & Folk Songs - Lyrics
A collection of over 3700 lyrics compiled by Traditional Music Library and sorted alphabetically.
- Women's Folksong Lyrics & Historical Notes
Index of folk songs by women, compiled by musician and historian Gerri Gribi.
- Getting Started With Research (UM Libraries)
UM Libraries guide to getting started with research.
- University of Miami Writing Center
"The Writing Center at the University of Miami strives to help all members of the university community learn more about writing and become better writers."
- Citing Music Sources
(University of Western Ontario)
- Citing sources (Duke University)
- Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Free online resources for researching and writing.
Citing Music Resources with Turabian